The utility industry has been in the news a lot lately, so we thought it would be good to use the comparison functionality in Analyst to take a quick look at western states to see how things have been changing in the sector over the past five years.
This analysis compares seven states: Washington, Idaho, Oregon, California, Utah, Nevada, and Arizona.
1. Overall Trends:
The first thing we can see is that Idaho and Washington State have experienced the most percentage growth over the past five years. Both states have expanded by nearly 20%.
By the numbers, California added nearly 5,000 workers to the utility sector from 2005-10, which is enormous considering the next closest states were Washington and Arizona at only 798 and 796, respectively.
California also employs a very large number of utility workers as compared to the other states (62,413 in 2010). Arizona is the second largest employer at nearly 13,000.
Nevada was the only state that actually lost utility jobs from ’05-10.
Below you can see some of the top occupations in the utility sector. What we have done here is show the relative percentage of total employment that each occupation makes up. Across the board in each state, electrical power-line installers/repairers make up the largest percentage.
Next we used location quotient analysis to get a sense of which states have the highest concentration (as compared to the national average) of employment in the utility sector.
This is essentially telling us that of all the western states, only Arizona is above the national average for concentration (an LQ of 1.0). Washington State, on the other hand, has a very low concentration of utility workers.
4. Competitive Effect:
Finally, here’s a look at which states are most competitive in the utility sector using shift share, a measure of how an industry is expected to change regionally given overall national trends and industry trends.
In this analysis we can see that California has a very high competitive effect (the green bar). The blue bar is the actual job change that occurred from ’05-10 and the orange bar is telling us what was predicted to happen if the state followed national and industry trends.
California added nearly 3,000 additional jobs to the utility sector based on its competitive effect.
Washington and Idaho had pretty high competitive effects as well — both added more jobs and beat the industry and national trends.
Nevada and Oregon had negative competitive effects — they lost more jobs than was expected.
If you would like help producing such analysis for your area or need to take a closer look at the data, give us a call at 208.883.3500 or email Rob Sentz.