While most state-level data sources only capture covered industry employment (often referred to as “payroll” employees), EMSI also combines additional state and federal sources to provide a complete employment picture that includes the self-employed (proprietors and partnerships), agricultural workers, and others not captured by basic “payroll” data. This is known as EMSI’s “Complete Employment” dataset.
EMSI also publishes a modified and enhanced version of covered-only industry employment data known as “EMSI Covered Employment,” which is based upon and (with some minor exceptions) comparable to the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) produced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
When EMSI refers to “covered” data, we mean jobs covered by state/federal unemployment insurance (often called the “UI universe” by labor market analysts), as well as railroad jobs covered by a separate unemployment program administered by the Railroad Retirement Board.
When EMSI refers to “noncovered” data, we mean all other paid jobs (notably self-employment and a small fraction of payroll jobs) that are not in the UI universe or railroad. Volunteers and unpaid family workers are not included in any EMSI dataset.
For more on our data, visit the Data page.