Over the past couple of years EMSI has partnered with Silatech, a social enterprise with the goal of generating new jobs and economic opportunities for young people in Middle Eastern and Northern African nations.
Silatech recently released two discussion papers done in tandem with EMSI that delve into specific employment trends in Yemen and Morocco.
The first is entitled “Building Jobs: Impact of Real Estate Projects in Yemen.” Here’s an abstract of the paper, which you can download in PDF form from Silatech’s site:
This report estimates the socio-economic impact of substituting expatriate labor with trained and skilled workers drawn from domestic labour markets, using a sample real estate project in Yemen. The analysis makes the case that Yemen’s economy will benefit by an incremental $3m for every 1000 local workers trained and hired, rather than hiring foreigners. Further, it estimates that 40% more direct and indirect jobs are created in the economy after construction is over, if we hire local workers during the construction phase. Such studies highlight the kind of return on investment possible on such initiatives and underline the importance of skill development for a country. Silatech is supporting a construction skills training program currently operational in Yemen that seeks to make this possible, in line with the second of the Government of Yemen’s national priorities for economic development.
The second, “Engineering Local Jobs: Electro-Mechanical Trades in Morocco,” focuses on developing a skilled workforce in Morocco and specifically hones in on engineers and other workers in electro-mechanical trades. From the introduction to the report:
Morocco is keenly aware and proactively pursuing most of the areas where gaps in its economy exist. However, one area of opportunity is developing skilled human capital—many Moroccan industries have sought to make up for this shortage by importing skilled workers; other industries have not and are suffering as a result. Although Morocco has a large labor supply, much of it is unskilled. Moreover, for those with skills, there are often structural barriers to enter the workforce. Across the economy, expertise is brought in from outside of the country, but nowhere is this more evident than in engineering.
Download the full report here.