This post is the second in a three part series on staffing patterns. In Part I we identified the occupation sectors with the strongest, most consistent presence across industry sectors. In this post we’ll take a closer look at the top five occupation sectors. In Part III we’ll look at how the 20 industry sectors relate to five-digit occupations.
In the last post, we found occupation sectors with consistently high employment percentages across the industry sectors. Now, in this post we’re going to delve into the top five of these and pull them apart to see why they show up in the data the way they do.
The top five occupation sectors are:
|Occupation Sector||Average Employment % Across All Industry Sectors|
|Office and administrative support occupations||17.5%|
|Sales and related occupations||8.8%|
|Transportation and material moving occupations||7.7%|
|Construction and extraction occupations||6.6%|
Now we’ll take these one by one and look at the percentage employment for each of them across all of the industry sectors.
Office and administrative support occupations have the highest average percent share (17.5%). We would expect this occupation sector to work in most industries, since they all employ administrative workers, supervisors, and so on. These occupations find their focus strongly in finance and insurance industries. In that industry sector they make up nearly half of the total employment. Their presence in management of companies and enterprises (28.3%), as well as transportation and warehousing (27.9%), is also very high.
|Office and administrative support occupations||Finance and Insurance||47.8%|
|Management of Companies and Enterprises||28.3%|
|Transportation and Warehousing||27.9%|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||23.2%|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||22.4%|
|Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||22.0%|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||16.8%|
|Other Services (except Public Administration)||13.0%|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation||9.3%|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||7.3%|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||4.4%|
|Accommodation and Food Services||3.8%|
Sales and related occupations is the the next most consistently staffed sector (8.8%). Retail trade shows the greatest percentage presence (55.2%), which is followed by wholesale trade (27.5%) and the real estate sector (23.8%). After that though, the industry falls off pretty sharply. At the bottom of the list, we find the least staffing in industries that sell themselves like health care (0.4%) and educational services (0.3%).
|Sales and related occupations||Retail Trade||55.2%|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||23.8%|
|Finance and Insurance||12.8%|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation||8.2%|
|Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||6.2%|
|Management of Companies and Enterprises||5.3%|
|Other Services (except Public Administration)||5.1%|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||4.5%|
|Accommodation and Food Services||3.0%|
|Transportation and Warehousing||1.6%|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||1.1%|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||0.7%|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||0.4%|
Transportation occupations are predictably focused in the transportation and warehousing industry sector (52.8%), and then in other industries that need to move physical goods from one place to another like wholesale trade (20.7%) and mining (13.4%). Information industries naturally see the smallest presence of these occupations, with finance and insurance showing 0.0%, since they sell nothing that amounts to a physical good, and therefore do not need to transport anything.
|Transportation and material moving occupations||Transportation and Warehousing||52.8%|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||13.4%|
|Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||11.0%|
|Other Services (except Public Administration)||7.8%|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||6.3%|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||6.2%|
|Management of Companies and Enterprises||3.2%|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation||1.9%|
|Accommodation and Food Services||1.9%|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||0.7%|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||0.7%|
|Finance and Insurance||0.0%|
Construction occupations show up as very strong percentages of two industry sectors, construction (66.9%), and mining, etc. (45.0%). They then have very small presences throughout the other industry sectors, and virtually no presence in accommodation and food services (0.0%) and finance and insurance (0.0%).
|Construction and extraction occupations||Construction||66.9%|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||45.0%|
|Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||3.9%|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||1.8%|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||0.8%|
|Transportation and Warehousing||0.6%|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation||0.5%|
|Management of Companies and Enterprises||0.5%|
|Other Services (except Public Administration)||0.3%|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||0.3%|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||0.1%|
|Accommodation and Food Services||0.0%|
|Finance and Insurance||0.0%|
Management occupations are staffed fairly evenly, but not in particularly high concentrations, which makes sense. They make up 18.0% of management of companies and enterprises, and moderate portions of agriculture, etc. (15.7%), and real estate, etc. (10.0%). Accommodation and food services (2.6%) and retail trade (2.1%) are the two industry sectors that get by with the lowest concentration of management occupations.
|Management occupations||Management of Companies and Enterprises||18.0%|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||15.7%|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||10.0%|
|Finance and Insurance||8.2%|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||7.5%|
|Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction||4.6%|
|Other Services (except Public Administration)||4.3%|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||3.4%|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation||3.4%|
|Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||3.1%|
|Transportation and Warehousing||2.9%|
|Accommodation and Food Services||2.6%|
When we look at occupation sectors this way we get a much more nuanced view of how they interact with industry sectors. We get insight into how densely focused some of these occupation sectors are on just a couple industry sectors, as in construction occupations. We get to see how some occupations play the field, and end up spread across a variety of industries. Understanding these broad level relationships gives us better context for these occupations, and thus a better understanding of the labor market.
If you’d like to explore this data further, we’re also providing the Excel table here. Play with it and let us know if you come up with anything interesting.
The next step we’ll take will be to look at this data broken out further by 5-digit SOC codes. Look for that data in the next post.
Illustration by Mark Beauchamp.