America seems to be toasting her economic recovery with a cold one. After a seven-year slump from 2004 to 2010, the breweries industry (NAICS 312120) reversed direction in a hearty uptick at the end of the recession and has sprung up 44% in the past four years. With 35,675 brewery jobs in 2014 (compared to 26,519 in 2004 and only 24,864 in 2010) and average earnings of $82,044 per job, the industry is clearly in a happy spot.
Brewery establishments have more than tripled since 2004. This makes sense, given the job growth, but the difference since 2010 is that the establishments are also smaller, spreading out the workforce. In 2004, there were 384 establishments with an average of 69 workers per establishment. In 2014, there were 1,271 establishments with an average of only 30.6 workers per establishment. The average number of workers per establishment has been cut into less than half, likely connected to the burgeoning—though somewhat regionalized—popularity of craft beer.
The most prevalent occupations in the industry commonly require only moderate on-the-job-training, with a typical entry-level education of high school or less. These jobs include packing & filling machine operators & tenders ($12.59 median hourly wage), separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders ($18.71), and laborers & freight, stock, and material movers, hand ($11.62). But they also include the higher-paying sales representatives, wholesale & manufacturing, except technical & scientific products ($26.19). Other higher-paying but less common occupations include industrial machinery mechanics ($23.22), first-line supervisors of production & operating workers ($26.36), and general & operations managers ($47.09).
The map below shows the growth of the industry (according to the number of new jobs) from 2004 to 2014.
The following table displays the top 10 states for overall job growth. (We determined these states by filtering for those with at least 400 brewery jobs in 2014 and at least 40% growth since 2004.) California stands out for the most jobs (nearly 5,000 in 2014) and the most jobs added (over 1,500). Alaska (4.78 LQ) and Oregon (2.87 LQ) have the highest concentration of brewery jobs, meaning it is in these states that the industry is at its most unique. Indiana has seen the liveliest overall growth, booming 929% from a mere 48 jobs (2004) to nearly 500 (2014).
|State||2004 Jobs||2014 Jobs||Jobs added||% growth||2004 Establishments||2014 Establishments||2014 LQ|
|Sources: EMSI 2014.4 Class of Worker; BLS's Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages|
A Word on Proprietors
The growth of smaller brewery establishments has been impressive. So too has the growth of people working on the side and reporting at least some income as brewers. From 2004 to 2014, extended proprietors grew by 277%, from a mere 773 jobs to 2,913.
As with wage-and-salary employees, most of the extended proprietor jobs are in California (457), Texas (170), and Washington (129). Overall growth has been greatest in California (352 new jobs, 335% growth), Texas (170 new jobs, 354% growth), and Colorado (155 new jobs, 456% growth). But interestingly, it is the Pacific Northwest where extended proprietors are the most concentrated: Idaho (4.56 LQ), Washington (3.63 LQ), Oregon (3.13 LQ).
|State||2004 Jobs||2014 Jobs||Jobs added||% growth||2014 LQ|
|Source: EMSI 2014.4 Class of Worker (Extended Proprietors)|
For more on EMSI’s employment data—available at the county, MSA, and ZIP code level—or to see data for your region, email Josh Wright. Follow EMSI on Twitter (@DesktopEcon) or check us out on LinkedIn and Facebook.